inGenius, Tina Seelig makes some suggestions that may seem counterintuitive: • Don’t be afraid to take risks. The faster you fail, the faster you can learn from your experience. • Think of different ways to frame your question or problem. It may lead you to an answer. • Challenge your assumptions. Perhaps what you think of as an engineering problem is a customer service problem. Groggy Genius A problem that calls for insight, or an “aha” moment, may be better solved when we're feeling tired and groggy. That’s because we're able to see things from a new perspective when we're not fully focused. NOVEL THINKING AT WORK [DESIGN: let's have 5 small icons, one for each of these. We can delete the subheadlines if necessary for space] Don’t Watch the Clock Workers who are free to switch among tasks at their own pace solve more insight problems than people working continuously or those on a schedule. Gender Studies An environment of competitiveness will make teams of women less creative but teams of men more creative. No Chairs Allowed! Standing during meetings helps groups to be more creative and better problem solvers. Creativity and Job Success Employees who pursue creative activities outside of work do better on the job than those who don’t. Encourage Staff Happy Hour Being slightly intoxicated has been shown to boost creativity. Managers’ Handbook: To get more creativity out of your staffers: • Match the task to the worker’s skills and expertise. • Give people autonomy in their process. They can choose how to climb the mountain, but you can tell them which mountain to climb. • Provide the proper amount of time and money to accomplish a goal. • Team up people who think differently from one another. [could be chart] IF YOU BUILD IT, THEY WILL GET CREATIVE A high-ceilinged room promotes abstract thinking, while low-ceilings are better for working on more concrete tasks. Dimmer lighting helps people work more creatively. The darkness gives them the feeling that they are less constrained. A messy desk may foster creative thinking, while orderliness fosters conventionality. A moderate level of ambient noise (about 70 decibels) seems to facilitate creative thinking. Interestingly, that's about the level in a typical coffee shop. Brainstorm in the park: The color green encourages creative thinking. [Quote] “You can’t wait for inspiration, you have to go after it with a club.” — Jack London SOURCES Adobe, “State of Create Global Benchmark Study” 2012 Amabile T. (1998) How to Kill Creativity. Harvard Business Review. Baer M et al. (2014) Intergroup Competition as a Double-Edged Sword: How Sex Composition Regulates the Effects of Competition on Group Creativity. Organization Science. Chan J, Schunn C. (2014) The Impact of Analogies on Creative Concept Generation: Lessons From an In Vivo Study in Engineering Design. Cognitive Science. Coltazo L, Szapora A, Lippelt D, Hommel B. (2014) Prior Meditation Practice Modulates Performance and Strategy Use in Convergent- and Divergent-Thinking Problems. Mindfulness. Dahl M. (2015) What a neuroscientist said about Jon Stewart’s brain. New York Magazine. Eschleman K et al. (2014) Benefiting from creative activity: The positive relationships between creative activity, recovery experiences, and performance-related outcomes. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology. Isen AM, Daubman KA, Nowicki GP. (1987) Positive affect facilitates creative problem solving. Journal of Personal Social Psychology. Jarosz A et al. (2012) Uncorking the muse: Alcohol intoxication facilitates creative problem solving. Consciousness and Cognition. Kim S, Vincent L. Outside Advantage: Can Social Rejection Fuel Creative Thought? (Unpublished; Cornell University) Knight A et al. (2014) Get Up, Stand Up: The Effects of a Non-Sedentary Workspace on Information Elaboration and Group Performance. Social Psychological & Personality Science. Lichtenfeld S et al. (2012) Fertile green: green facilitates creative performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. Mehta R et al. (2012) Is Noise Always Bad? Exploring the Effects of Ambient Noise on Creative Cognition. Journal of Consumer Research. Meyers-Levy J, Zhu R. (2007) The Influence of Ceiling Height: The Effect of Priming on the Type of Processing That People Use. Journal of Consumer Research. Mirowsky J, Ross C. (2007) Creative Work and Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Oppezzo M, Schwartz D. (2014) Give your ideas some legs: The positive effect of walking on creative thinking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. Sawyer, Keith. Zig Zag: The Surprising Path to Greater Creativity. (Jossey-Bass, 2013.) Seelig, Tina. inGenius: A Crash Course on Creativity. (HarperOne, 2012) Steidle A, Werth L. (2013) Freedom from constraints: Darkness and dim illumination promote creativity. Journal of Environmental Psychology. Vohs K et al. (2013) Physical Order Produces Healthy Choices, Generosity, and Conventionality, Whereas Disorder Produces Creativity. Psychological Science. Wieth M et al. (2011) Time of day effects on problem solving: When the non-optimal is optimal. Thinking & Reasoning. Zitek E, Vincent L. (2015) Deserve and diverge: Feeling entitled makes people more creative. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. " />
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